Uterine Prolapse- Causes and Treatment:

When the pelvic floor muscles become weak and the ligaments lose their firmness, the uterus slides downwards, sometimes out through the vagina. This phenomenon is called Uterine Prolapse. Consult Dr. Shweta Shah, one of the best gynecologists in Malad, Mumbai.

No age factor causes uterine prolapse in women. But most women in the menopausal stage show signs of uterine prolapse.

If the uterine prolapse is mild and not causing any discomfort, it may not need treatment.

Dr. Shweta Shah talks about this condition in women, its causes, and the course of treatment they suggest.

What are the symptoms of uterine prolapse?

The general signs and symptoms of uterine prolapse are:

  •   Your pelvis may feel heavier and some tugging sensation is experienced.
  •   Visible tissue coming out of the vagina
  •   Difficulty in controlling urine leakage.
  •   Constipation
  •   Sexual organ dysfunction.

When you are in the sleeping position, you may feel a sense of relief since the uterus is not getting pulled downwards.

As you start moving about, the uterus begins to sag.

Now is the time to visit one of the best gynecologists and obstetricians in Malad, Dr. Shweta Shah.

What are the causes of Uterine Prolapse?

Uterine prolapse occurs due to weak pelvic muscles. The pelvic muscles lose their toning and firmness due to some of the following reasons in women of different age groups:

  •   Bearing many children
  •   The baby born is large.
  •   Increasing age
  •   Prior surgery of the pelvic region
  •   Constipated bowel
  •   Obesity

What are the complications associated with Uterine Prolapse?

Dr, Shweta Shah explains that uterine prolapse is associated with the lapsing of other connected organs.

Anterior Prolapse:

At times the bladder loses the strength of its connective tissue and thereby bulges into the vagina. This is called anterior prolapse or prolapsed bladder.

Posterior vaginal prolapse:

The weakened connecting tissue between the rectum and the vagina causes the rectum to recede into the vagina. It causes difficulty in clearing your bowel.

When the uterine prolapse is severe, it displaces a part of the vaginal lining. It begins to obtrude outside the vagina, and constant rubbing with the clothes may infect it.

How to prevent uterine prolapse?

Dr. Shweta Shah has given some simple tips that anyone can follow anywhere to prevent uterine prolapse. These include:

  •   Performing Kegel exercises daily can help one strengthen their pelvic muscles – you should do these, especially after you have delivered a baby.
  •   Preventing constipation: Drinking plenty of water and eating foods rich in fiber prevents constipation and provides essential nutrients to the body.
  •   Avoid lifting heavy objects: You should avoid lifting heavy objects, and if at all you need to, ensure that you are engaging the entire body with proper weight distribution.
  •   Treating your cough: Get your treatment for cough if it has prolonged.
  •   Control your weight: Keeping your weight in check is essential.

How is uterine prolapse treated?

If you have uterine prolapse, the doctor will recommend surgery.

There are two possibilities of surgery here:

1: Repairing the pelvic floor muscles: in this procedure, the doctor uses your own tissue, donor tissue, or synthetics material as a graft to support the pelvic floor muscles that have become weak. The surgeon will approach through the vagina or the abdomen.

2: Removing the uterus (hysterectomy): In some cases, hysterectomy or removal of the uterus is considered. The procedure is safe, but any surgery may have complications in rare cases.


Dr. Shweta Shah says that it is possible to prevent complete uterine prolapse with preventive measures and restorative surgery. Only in the case of complete prolapse does the doctor have no other choice but to remove the uterus. As a fundamental requirement of the body, we have to provide it with adequate exercise to keep it fit inside and out.

There are various forms of exercise; try incorporating anyone of them in your life.

Yoga is one such form of exercise that keeps the muscles and internal organs strong and fit.

Yoga allows you to listen to your body and strain only as much as your body can take.