In this article, Dr. Sandeep Nayak a Top Oncologist in India talks about “What is Breast Cancer and what are the causes and symptoms”.

Dr. Sandeep Nayak, one of the best oncologists in India, is a firm believer in the importance of passing on his knowledge to the next generation of medical professionals. He worked as a surgical oncology instructor at the Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology in Bangalore, India.

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Breast cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cells of the breasts. Breast cancer is the second most prevalent type of cancer diagnosed in women, after skin cancer. Males and females can both develop breast cancer, but it is significantly more common in women.

Breast cancer awareness and research funding have received significant support, which has resulted in significant advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. As a result of variables such as earlier identification, a new customized approach to therapy, and a better understanding of the disease, breast cancer survival rates have improved and deaths connected with the disease are continuously reducing.


Breast cancer is known to emerge when some breast cells begin to grow abnormally, according to medical professionals. In some cases, cancerous cells may spread (metastasize) from the breast to the lymph nodes or to other regions of the body.

Cells in the milk-producing ducts are the most common site of breast cancer initiation (invasive ductal carcinoma). It is also possible for breast cancer to begin in the glandular tissue known as lobules (invasive lobular carcinoma), as well as in other cells or tissues within the breast.

Several hormonal, behavioral, and environmental factors have been identified as potentially increasing your chance of developing breast cancer. However, it is unclear why some people who have no risk factors develop cancer while other people who have risk factors never develop cancer.

Dr. Sandeep Nayak is also mentioned in some of the top sites like Practo, Clinicspots, Lybrate as one of the top Neurologists in Andhra Pradesh.


  • Breast cancer can manifest itself in a variety of ways, including the following signs and symptoms:
  • If you notice a lump or thickening in your breast that feels different from the surrounding tissue, you should have it checked out.
  • Breasts might change in size, shape, or appearance as a result of pregnancy.
  • A nipple that has recently been inverted
  • A region of skin pigmented around one’s nipple (areola) or on the breast skin that is peeling, scaling, crusting, or flaking
  • Like the skin of an orange, you may notice redness or pitting on the skin over your breast 

When should you visit the doctor?

If you notice a lump or other change in your breast, even if your most recent mammography was normal, schedule an appointment with your doctor soon for a thorough examination.


India-based Dr. Sandeep Nayak a leading Oncologist notes that Making small adjustments to your everyday routine may help lower your risk of developing breast cancer. Make an effort to:

Inquire with your doctor about mammograms for breast cancer screening

Consult with your doctor about when to begin breast cancer screening exams and tests, such as clinical breast exams and mammograms, to detect the presence of breast cancer.

Speak with your doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of screening. You and your partner can select which breast cancer screening strategies will be most appropriate for you and your family.

Breast self-examination can help you become more familiar with your breasts for breast awareness

When performing a breast self-exam for breast awareness, women may choose to become comfortable with their breasts by evaluating them on an as-needed basis. If you see a new change, lumps, or any other strange signs in your breasts, consult your doctor as soon as possible.

Breast cancer cannot be prevented, but increasing your understanding of the disease can help you better understand the natural changes that occur in your breasts as well as recognize any odd signs or symptoms.

If you prefer to drink alcohol, make sure to do it in moderation

If you prefer to drink alcohol, keep your intake to no more than one drink each day if you want to stay healthy.

Exercise at least five days a week

On most days of the week, try to get in at least 30 minutes of physical activity. If you haven’t been physically active in a while, check with your doctor to see if it’s safe to start again.

Postmenopausal hormone therapy should be limited

Combination hormone therapy has been shown to raise the risk of breast cancer in some women. Consult with your doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of hormone replacement therapy.

In order to alleviate the symptoms of menopause, some women may be willing to accept a higher risk of breast cancer in exchange for relief from the signs and symptoms of menopause in some cases.

Use the smallest dose of hormone therapy possible for the shortest amount of time in order to lower the chance of developing breast cancer opines Dr. Sandeep Nayak a top Oncologist from India.